About Lithuania | Northern Lithuania College

If you really want to know Lithuania, you must first begin to get to know its people. Most Lithuanians are very sincere, hospitable and helpful, and, in fact, we expect the same treatment in return from our quests. Lithuanians are long-lived people, so, if you have an opportunity to talk to people of older generation, you will bring back to your country many interesting stories and experiences.

Quick facts
Capital: Vilnius
Official Language: Lithuanian
Area: 65.300 km2
Population: 2.979.000
National Currency: Euro
Geographical situation: Lithuania is a state in Northern Europe
Neighboring countries: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia
  • Announced on 16 February, 1918
  • Restored on 11 March, 1990
Form of Government: Parliamentary democracy
International Membership:
  • NATO member since 29 March, 2004
  • Member of European Union since 1 May, 2004
Religion: Most Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church. There are also Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed Church, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism, Islam and other religions.
Landscape: Lithuania is a flat land with plains covering approximately 75% of the country. Other 25% hills (Highest hill is 294 m.).
Climate: Ranges between maritime and continental. The average temperatures are +19°C in July and -3°C in January.
Public Holidays:
  • The New Year (1st  January)
  • Independence Day (16 February)
  • The Day of the Restoration of Independence (11th  March)
  • Easter (the first Sunday and Monday after the first full moon after the spring equinox)
  • International Labour Day (1st  May)
  • Rasos and Joninės Day (Midsummer Day – 24th  June)
  • The Day of the Coronation of King Mindaugas (6th  July)
  • Žolinė (Feast of the Assumption – 15th  August)
  • All Saints Day (1st  November)
  • Christmas Eve (24th  December)
  • Holy Christmas (25–26th  December)


Largest cities (number of inhabitants)
Vilnius (531 947)
Kaunas (301 296)
Klaipėda (156 122)
Šiauliai (104 619)
Panevėžys (95 218)